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Vitamin D: Functions & Diseases

In Australian Dental Council’s examination, the indirect question related with Vitamin D are asked but in NEET MDS there may be direct question.


Calciferol: Vitamin D
Calcidiol : 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D]
Calcitriol: 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D]
Vitamin D2: Ergocalciferol
Vitamin D3: Cholecalciferol


Buccinator Muscle




Image source: Internet

Extensive Facial Injury in an Unconscious patient: Case Discussion & Treatment Planning

This case presentation is about the emergency management of a traumatized patient. The questions related with this type of accidental cases may be asked in part one examination. I can guarantee you that at least once, you will be asked about the management of an accident case in viva voce session of ADC part 2 practical examination. You are supposed to prepare a treatment plan for this patient. 

If you wish, you can submit your treatment plan in the comment box. If need arises, you will get a positive response.


Case Description:

This male patient, in mid 40s was brought to the emergency room with the condition shown in the picture. He was unconscious with a GCS score of three and without any history. He was intubated to maintain airway in the emergency room. As a member of the emergency management team, you were called upon to perform your role. You were the first person to reach the emergency room. While other members are on their way, what will you do to manage this case? 


Extensive facial injury
Extensive facial injury of a male patient of mid 40s.


Do not copy or re-use this photograph.

Diabetes Mellitus 

Diabetes Mellitus refers to a group of common metabolic disorders that share the phenotype of hyperglycaemia and are caused by a complex interaction of genetics and environmental factors. It is very different from Diabetes Insipidus. Diabetes Insipidus is a syndrome characterised by the production of abnormally large volumes of dilute urine due to decreased secretion or action of Vasopressin, a hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland.