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Syllabus of the Written Test

Syllabus of the written test for the post of Dental Surgeon (Class-II Officer)

Pattern of Recruitment Test for HPSC:

1. The Recruitment Test will be Computer based Objective Type with Multiple
Choice Questions.
2. Number of Questions : 200
3. Maximum Marks : 800
4. Duration of Paper : 3 hours
5. All questions carry equal marks.
6. For each wrong answer, one-fourth marks (1 mark) shall be deducted

The syllabus for the online recruitment exam will be as under:

(I) “GENERAL HUMAN ANATOMY: Applied anatomy including blood &
nerve supply of upper & lower limbs, head & neck.

a) ANATOMY OF HEAD AND NECK: Cranial and facial bones(maxilla &
mandible), foramina & sinuses of the skull, scalp, anterior & posterior triangles
of the neck, TMJ, myofacial pain dysfunction syndrome, muscles of
mastication and facial expression, muscles of tongue & its nerve supply, arterial
supply and venous drainage of the head and neck, structure and function of the
brain, brief considerations of V, VII, XI, XII, cranial nerves and autonomic
nervous system of the head and neck, Facial Nerve & its branches, Trigeminal
Nerve, salivary glands, tooth eruption.

b) EMBRYOLOGY: Development of the face, tongue, jaws, TMJ, tooth

c) DENTAL ANATOMY: Anatomy of primary and secondary dentition, tooth
morphology (Enamel, Dentine, Cementum, Pulp), concept of occlusion,
mechanism of articulation and masticatory function, root length, root
configuration, tooth-numbering systems & age changes.

d) HISTOLOGY: Epithelium, connective tissue including cartilage and bone,
muscle tissue, peripheral nerve, sensory ganglion, motor ganglion, skin,
salivary glands, tooth, lip, tongue, hard palate.

deglutition, digestion and assimilation, Homeostasis, fluid and electrolyte
balance, blood composition, volume, function, blood groups and hemorrhage,
pulse, blood pressure, capillary and lymphatic circulation, shock, respiration,
anoxia, hypoxia, asphyxia, artificial respiration, pituitary, parathyroid and
thyroid glands and sex hormones, role of calcium and Vitamin A, B , C, & D,
salivary glands and saliva, physiology of pain, sympathetic and
parasympathetic nervous system.

(III) GENERAL BIOCHEMISTRY: General principles governing the
various biological activities of the body, such as osmotic pressure, electrolytic
dissociation, oxidation-reduction, carbohydrates, proteins, liquids and their
metabolism, enzymes, vitamins, minerals, Kreb’s cycle, hormones, blood,
metabolism of inorganic elements, detoxification in the body & anti

acting on the central nervous system, general aesthetics, hypnotics, local
anesthetics, chemotherapeutics and antibiotics, antitubercular drugs,
Analgesics and antipyretics, Antiseptics, astringents, obtundents, styptics,
sialogogues and antisialogogues, Haematinics, Coagulant & anticoagulant
drugs, Cortisones, ACTH, insulin and Vitamins: A, D, B-complex group, C,
K etc., antibiotic prophylaxis and infectious endocarditis, histamines.

(V) DENTAL MATERIALS: Adhesion, physical & biological properties of
dental materials, gypsum, impression materials, synthetic resins, restorative
resins, metal & alloys, casting alloys, dental waxes, inlay casting wax,
casting investments, soldering, dental cements, dental ceramics,
polishing agents, dental implants.

(VI) PATHOLOGY: Inflammation & Immunity, repair and degeneration,
cell death, necrosis and gangrene, circulatory disturbances, hypertension,
thrombosis, embolism and infarction. Allergy and hypersensitive reactions,
Neoplasms, HIV & hepatitis, diabetes mellitus, anaemia, lymphomas, diseases
of the oral cavity viz., lichen planus, stomatitis etc. & osteomyelitis.

(VII) MICROBIOLOGY: Immunity & inflammation, auto immune disorders,
hypersensitivity, organisms associated with diseases of the oral cavity,
streptococci, staphylococci, Clostridia group of organisms, Spirochaetes,
microorganisms of tuberculosis, leprosy, diphtheria, actinomycosis and
moniliasis etc., Virology, candidiasis, Cross infection, sterilization &
disinfection and hospital waste management

(VIII)ORAL PATHOLOGY: Developmental disturbances of oral and Para oral
structures, bacterial, viral and mycotic infections of the oral cavity, dental
caries, diseases of pulp and periapical tissues, physical and chemical injuries,
oral manifestations of metabolic and endocrine disturbances, Red & White
lesions, Diseases of the blood, Periodontal diseases, Diseases of the skin,
nerves and muscles in relation to the Oral cavity, Trigeminal neuralgia, Blood
groups, R.B.C. and W.B.C. count, BT, CT, PT, PTT, Glycosylated Hb, GTT,
forensic odontology, non inflammatory lesions of the jaw, TMJ, cyst & tumors
of the oral cavity, ameloblastoma.

(IX) GENERAL MEDICINE: Infections, Cardiovascular system, Respiratory
system, Hematology, Renal system, Nutrition, CNS, Endocrine, syncope,
cardiac arrest, CPR, shock.

(X) GENERAL SURGERY: Wounds, Inflammation, Infection, HIV, Hepatitis,
Shock & hemorrhage, tumors, ulcers, cysts, leukemias & lymphomas,
fractures, swellings of the jaw, thyroid & parathyroid glands, biopsy.


a) CONSERVATIVE DENTISTRY: Nomenclature of dentition, principals
of cavity preparation, dental caries, diagnosis, armamentarium, amalgam
restoration, pulp protection (cavity liners, varnishes & bases etc.), anterior
restorations (silicates, GIC, Composites), Direct filling Gold restorations, Pit &
fissure sealants, Rubber dam, direct & indirect pulp capping, hypersensitivity,
cast restorations, retraction cord, vitality tests.

b) ENDODONTICS: Pulpal diseases & their management, vital pulp therapy,
apexogenesis & apexification, anatomy of pulpal cavity, root canal instruments
(hand & power driven), intra canal medicaments, methods of shaping the canal,
obturation systems of root canal, root canal sealers, post core preparation,
smear layer, discolored teeth & their management, traumatized teeth,
retrograde filling, radisectomy, tooth reimplantation, apisectomy, root
resorption, lasers, Dental Ethics.

(XII) ORAL & MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY: Principles of infection control
& cross infection, pre medication, LA, GA, Trigeminal nerve & pathways of
pain, classification of flaps, bone removal with burs, hemorrhage, drainage &
debridement, closure of wounds, exodontia, management of impacted teeth,
pre-prosthetic surgery, diseases of maxillary sinus, diseases of TMJ, benign
cystic lesions of oral cavity, tumors of oral cavity, fracture of jaw, salivary
gland & neurological disorders, cleft lip & palate, medical emergencies,
emergency drugs, oral Implantology.


a) DIAGNOSIS: Oro facial pain, saliva, ulcers, erosions, sinus, fistula,
swellings, red & white lesions, pigmented lesions, lymph nodes, diagnostic
tests, biopsy, differential diagnosis.

b) ORAL MEDICINE & THERAPEUTICS: Bacterial, viral & Fungal
infections, mucosal lesions, lymphadenopathy, facial pain, altered
sensations, tongue, salivary gland disorders, dermatological disorders,
immunological disorders, precancerous lesions, allergy, nerve & muscle
diseases, forensic odontology.

c) RADIOLOGY: Intra oral & extra oral roentgenography, methods of
localization digital radiology and ultra sound, anatomical landmarks of
teeth and jaws in radiograms, temporomandibular joint radiograms, neck
radiograms, CT and CBCT.

development of dental arches, malocclusion, diagnosis & diagnostic aids,
anchorage, biomechanical principles in orthodontic tooth movement,
preventive orthodontics, interceptive orthodontics, orthodontic appliances
(removable & fixed). Extra oral appliances, myofunctional appliances, retention
& relapse.

occlusion, dental anatomy & histology, dental radiology related to
pedodontics, oral surgical procedures in pediatric patients, dental caries, gingival
& periodontal diseases in children, behavior management, operative dentistry in
pediatric patients, pediatric endodontics, dental trauma, preventive &
interceptive orthodontics, oral habits, dental treatment of children with
special needs, congenital abnormalities, dental emergencies, fluorides, ethics.

saliva, GCF, age changes, classification of periodontal diseases, chronic
periodontitis, periodontal pocket, recession, furcation involvement, dental
plaque, calculus, bleeding gums, halitosis, systemic factors influencing
periodontal diseases, risk factors, host modulation, advanced diagnostic
techniques, prognosis, curettage, flap surgery, mucogingival surgery, furcation
management, GTR, Bone graft materials, gingivectomy, osseous resective
surgery, splints, implants, Interdisciplinary periodontics, pharmacotherapy.


COMPLDTE DENTURES (CD): Applied anatomy, articulators,
principles of retention, support & stability, impression, record bases &
occlusal rims, jaw movement, recording maxilla mandibular relation, tooth
selection & arrangement, trial denture, fabrication of dentures, denture
insertion, complications, maintenance.

removable partial dentures, components of RPD, survey & design, mouth
preparation, master cast fabrication, laboratory procedures, fit in,
temporary acrylic partial dentures, immediate removable partial dentures,

FIXED PARTIAL DENTURE (fPD): Occlusion, restoration of a single
tooth and multiple teeth, finish lines, full veneer crowns, partial veneer
crowns, impressions, working casts or dies, wax patterrrs, various pontic
designs, finishing & cementation, resin bonded FPDs.


General Epidemiology, research methodology, fluorides, nutrition & health, behavioral sciences, ethics & jurisprudence, DCI, IDA, WHO.


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