Normally there is one opening of the parotid gland which is located in buccal vestibule opposite the upper 2nd molar tooth.
Parotid fistula is a patent tract connecting a parotid gland or duct to the exterior apart from the parotid duct opening.
|Photo 1. Pre-operative picture of parotid fistula with leakage of serous fluid from the fistulous tract and scarring of surrounding area (red circle) |
Parotid fistula may be of two types
Parotid fistula may be extra oral or intraoral.
Extraoral fistulas are seen in the preauricular region or near the angle of mandible (see photo 1 and 2).
1. After superficial parotidectomy.
2. After drainage of parotid abscess.
3. After biopsy or Trauma.
4. Post surgical
1. Discharging fistula in the parotid region of the face, and discharge is more during eating.
2. Tenderness and induration.
3. Trismus if it gets infected
1. Sialography to find out the origin of the fistula whether from the parotid gland or duct or ductules.
2. Fistulogram or CT fistulogram.
3. Culture of discharge if infection is suspected
4. MRI to assess soft tissues involvement
Ø Surgical stripping of the fistula tract
Ø Anticholinergics in post-operative period- Hyoscine bromide (Probanthine) reduce discharge
Ø Immediate post surgical fistulas can close spontaneously in such cases
Ø Newman Seabrock's operation: used for removal of anomalous arotid fistula
Ø If there is stenosis at the orifice of the Stenson's duct, papillotomy at the orifice may help.
Ø Total conservative parotidectomy is done in failed cases conserving the facial nerve